Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40recycled papers or virgin papers are “better” for the environment is a matter of contention and depends upon several factors that include the environmental impacts associated with the collection and processing of paper and harvesting trees. virgin paper | Coming directly from trees, it contains the strongest and purest fiber. It obviously has the most immediate impact on the forest. However, that impact can be mitigated if the pulp is harvested from a forest or other source that is sustainably managed. Its first- generation status means that virgin paper has not undergone prior printing, which can make it the most chemical free depending on its bleaching process. When specifying virgin paper, care should be taken to ensure that the pulp comes from a sustainably managed source. Designers should include a note to end users encouraging recycling of printed pieces made with virgin paper, and this can be done by using the recycling Mobius commonly known as the chasing arrow symbol. recycled paper | Recycling allows the same fiber to be used and reused many times over. The recovery rate of paper in the U.S. in 2015 was 66.8%,1 which makes paper one of the most recycled materials. Recycled fiber content may include pre-consumer waste, post-consumer waste (PCW), totally recycled fiber (TRF) or various blends of each. Recycled paper has dramatically improved in quality over the past decade, in most cases performing as well as virgin stock, and has become cost competitive.2 Claims do not have to be qualified if the entire piece is recyclable. Otherwise, state how much or what specific components can be recycled. The claim of recycled content can be made only on products manufactured from materials recovered during the manufacturing process (pre-consumer) or after they have served their intended purpose (post-consumer). The Federal Trade Commission stipulates that the distinction be made between pre-consumer and post-consumer content (see example at right). Recycled content can be any blend of recycled paper fiber and may also contain some virgin paper fiber. Pre-consumer waste content paper contains fiber that was recycled from waste at a mill, fabricator and/or printer. HOW TO COMMUNICATE PAPER CONTENTS Recycled content is often expressed in an equation denoting its percentage of content. It is generally labeled with the total amount of recycled content first and the amount of post-consumer material second. Example: (100% recycled content, of which 30% is post-consumer waste) Paper | 4