Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40Printing The printing industry has made great strides in developing and implementing products and processes that are friendlier to the environment. By collaborating with printers whose practices promote environmental sustainability, designers will be able to explore all the available environmentally sensitive options. Selecting the right printer and the right process will influence not only the quality and environmental impact but also the cost of a project. lithography (offset printing) | A process that takes advantage of the fact that oil (ink) and water (fountain solution) do not mix. The copy and art, or graphic content, is transferred to a planographic (flat) printing plate. During printing, ink and fountain solution (98% water) are applied to the plate, and the ink, which adheres to the image area, is then transferred to a rubber blanket before being printed on paper or other substrates. In recent years, the offset printing industry has shifted away from high-VOC-containing materials of the past to ones that have lower or no VOCs, which have less of an impact on the environment. In order to reduce environmental impact, many printers are now using low-VOC inks (higher vegetable oil content) and coatings, and low-VOC water-miscible solvent blanket washes during press cleanup. Many wastes are either recycled or treated and disposed in a responsible manner. Some printing facilities have achieved a zero landfill status and do not throw away any wastes. Offset printing products are generally recyclable. 21 | Printing