Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40Paper | Energy and Emissions There are three ways to validly make a claim of using “renewable energy.” One is by purchasing green power directly from a renewable energy power supplier. The second is by purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates. The third is by utilizing renewable energy that is generated on site in the form of solar, hydro, geothermal, and/or wind power. direct purchase | Manufacturers with facilities whose electrical grid is fed by green-power plants may be able to purchase energy directly from the utility. Electricity suppliers offer these products either as a percentage of electricity usage or in a fixed number of units or blocks of kilowatt-hours. renewable energy certificates | Most paper mills achieve the claim of green power through the purchase of Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs). Renewable Energy Certificates provide a subsidy to develop new renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, hydro-electric and biomass power plants. Many companies, environmental organizations and government bodies see REC subsidies as a long-term method of growing the renewable energy infrastructure. Third-party certification by organizations such as Green-e ensures a verified source of supply. green-e | The Green-e logo indicates use of certified renewable energy. Green-e is the nation’s largest independent certification and verification program for renewable energy. Eligible sources of supply include solar electric, wind, geothermal, low-impact hydroelectric, biomass, biodiesel and hydrogen fuel cell technology. For more information about Green-e certification for renewable energy, visit on-site generation | Some paper mills use green power by actually producing their own renewable energy on site. This is accomplished in most cases by low-impact hydroelectric generation. Turbines are placed on an adjacent river to turn generators that produce electricity. Unlike the large-scale hydroelectric operations of the past, low-impact hydroelectric preserves the flow of a river, allowing it to maintain healthy oxygen levels while also allowing fish migration to occur. On-site generation has one immediate advantage over RECs because it lowers the demand on the power grid. energy and emissions | One of the many advantages of renewable green energy is that it produces far fewer polluting emissions than traditional fossil-fueled power. It dramatically reduces carbon emissions. Wind, hydroelectric, solar and geothermal power sources all generate little if any carbon emissions after the emissions created by building the initial infrastructure are accounted for. Though some green energy methods, such as biomass fuels, use combustion and therefore release carbon, they still emit far less pollution than their coal and oil counterparts. carbon neutrality | As a response to global climate disruption and its impact on consumer behavior, manufacturers, corporations, government entities and even individuals are looking for ways to become “carbon neutral.” They are taking actions to reduce atmospheric carbon emissions in proportion to those generated by 11 | Paper